1870s period Eduardo Guillo Cuban Cigarrete Packaging , better known as " Marquilla Cigarrera " .This beautiful piece measures about 5 x 3.5 inches and features a satirical scene involving two monkeys and a cuban Mulata . This marquilla cigarrera has some creases and minor paper missing. Combining images and text, the cuban marquillas cigarreras, the illustrated cigarette packaging produced in Cuba during the second half of the nineteenth century, depict a wide range of themes, including picaresque scenes of everyday life in Havana. These scenes adroitly map out the conditions of Cubanidad, or Cuban-ness. Although Cuba remained a Spanish colony until the War of Independence at the close of the nineteenth century, throughout the century Cuban nationalist sentiment rose, and cultural as well as industrial production was increasingly identified as a sign of Cuban, not Spanish provenance. Marquillas brought together the quintessentially Cuban natural resource, tobacco, and the state-of-the-art print technology, chromolithography, in a commodity that symbolically and materially represented the modern nation coming into being.